A Study of the Messianic Prophecies

The Loving-kindness of G-d Book 2

This book weighs Jesus' life vs. the messianic prophecies in the Hebrew Bible to see how many He fulfilled and how well He fulfilled them.

While arguing with the Jewish religious leaders, Jesus said, “You search the Scriptures, because you think that in them you have eternal life; and it is these that bear witness of Me; . . .” In this series of books we will examine the Tanakh in order to see if Jesus’ claim has any merit.

The Tanakh contains a trove of prophecies that are detailed, purposeful, and highly accurate. One of the key subjects of Biblical prophecy is the coming of the Messiah. In The Mashiah we will examine the messianic prophecies, and we will raise the following questions:

  • How many of the messianic prophecies did Jesus fulfill?
  • Did the prophets give any indication that there would be two comings of the Messiah?
  • Why did the prophet Daniel predict that the Messiah would be killed?
  • Why did Zechariah prophesy that the Messiah will come at the end of time and have wounds?

Join author Mark Stouffer as he seeks to understand the intended meaning of the Biblical authors.

The Mashiah is for Jewish people who want to know the truth about Jesus. It is also good for Christians who want to learn about the Tanakh, or Old Testament.

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Excerpt from The Mashiah © Copyright 2024 Mark Stouffer

Puzzle pieces fit together to form the picture on the box lid. Sometimes, the picture is a scenic view. Other times, it is a scene from a Walt Disney movie like Snow White or Peter Pan.

Obviously, the more pieces there are, the more difficult it is to put the puzzle together. What if you had a box of pieces from a large puzzle with no lid? That would really be challenging. This is the situation we have with Biblical prophecy.

But we can still get started. We can study the Hebrew Bible, and we can pull all the prophecies out and place them face up on the dining room table. Then we can try to form groups out of all the prophecies with the goal being to place each prophecy with other ones predicting the same future event or person. The final goal would be to see how the groups fit together to form a unified picture. For, in every painting, book, or movie there is a message that the artist is trying to express. So too, we can expect that G-d has placed a message in the overall picture of Biblical prophecy.

A clue to understanding what is being predicted by a prophecy is history. For, though technology has changed our world greatly, we humans have not changed all that much. We are motivated by the same basic desires we have always been. People behave largely the same today as they did in antiquity. Therefore, we can expect prophetic events that still lie in the future to mimic events from the past and to feature people acting the same way that they have always acted.

The wildcard in interpreting prophecy is G-d. For, we do not understand Him very well. He is righteous and infinite, and we have a weak grasp on those aspects of His nature. Furthermore, He has given us free will, and He has not intervened very often in history. Therefore, as we read prophecies foretelling acts of selfless love that He would perform, we are not sure what to make of them. Perhaps it is best to take them at face value.

. . .

Christians group the messianic prophecies into two subsets. The first one has to do with the role of the Messiah in fulfilling the requirements of the sacrificial system prescribed in the Mosaic Law. The second subset has to do with the role of the Messiah in defeating the Gentile empire that will be in power at the end of time and establishing justice and order throughout the world. By grouping the messianic prophecies into these two subsets and viewing them as taking place at different times, the pieces start to fit together and the puzzle starts to take shape. For example, here are a couple of contrasting verses about the Messiah from Zechariah chapters 9 and 14:

“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your king is coming to you; He is just and endowed with salvation, humble, and mounted on a donkey, even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.” (Zech 9:9.)

and,

Then the L-rd will go forth and fight against those nations, as when He fights on a day of battle. And in that day His feet will stand on

the Mount of Olives, which is in front of Jerusalem on the east; and the Mount of Olives will be split in its middle from east to west by a very large valley, so that half of the mountain will move toward the north and the other half toward the south. And you will flee by the valley of My mountains, for the valley of the mountains will reach to Azel; yes, you will flee just as you fled before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the L-rd, my G-d, will come, and all the holy ones with Him! (Zech. 14:3-5.)

Here, we see predictions of two clearly different events. In the second event, the Messiah is G-d, and He touches down on the Mount of Olives along with a retinue of heavenly beings. A mighty earthquake will occur at His feet, and a wide valley will form through which people will flee. A few verses later, Zechariah tells us that He will go on to be the king over all the earth. (Zech. 14:9.) In the first passage, the king arrives but no one is fleeing. Rather, the people are shouting in celebration. In this event, the king comes in the exact opposite way, not with a show of great power, but rather with a display of great modesty. He approaches the capital seated on a donkey colt.

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